I was recently riding as a passenger in a van and there was a housefly buzzing around in the van. While trying to squash the fly, I was wondering why was the fly traveling the same speed as the van at 70 mph as it was hovering in mid air. Shouldn’t it have smashed into the rear window of the van just like so many bugs would have been, on the grill of the vehicle?? — DS
Flies travel at modest speeds relative to the air that surrounds them. Since the outside air is nearly motionless relative to the ground (usually), a fly outside the van is also nearly motionless. When the fast-moving van collides with the nearly motionless fly, the fly’s inertia holds it in place while the van squashes it.
But when the fly is inside the van, the fly travels about in air that is moving with the van. If the van is moving at 70 mph, then so is the air inside it and so is the fly. In fact, everything inside the van moves more or less together and from the perspective of the van and its contents, the whole world outside is what is doing the moving—the van itself can be considered stationary and the van’s contents are then also stationary.
As long as the fly and the air it is in are protected inside the van, the movement of the outside world doesn’t matter. The fly buzzes around in its little protected world. But if the van’s window is open and the fly ventures outside just as a signpost passes the car, the fly may get creamed by a collision with the “moving” sign. Everything is relative and if you consider the van as stationary, then it is undesirable for the van’s contents to get hit by the moving items in the world outside (passing trees, bridge abutments, or oncoming vehicles.